Up to date worries in growth of science and technology in nigeria

Abstract

This paper examined various initiatives that have been made to produce science and technology due to the fact its introduction into the school system when the early Christian missionary arrived in Nigeria. The paper additional talked about unique worries to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria. Tips were made for its growth in Nigeria.

 

INTRODUCTION

Development of science and technology in Nigeria has not been encouraging due to the fact the introduction of sciences into school curriculum from the time of the early Christian missionary to Nigeria. Science educating in most Nigerian schools was just Character Examine right before 1930 (Abdullahi, 1982). Nigerian has not accomplished a lot in science and technology and this is why we are even now categorized as producing nation. The so called formulated nations acquired their prosperity by way of scientific improvement (Abdullahi, 1982). Country that is underdeveloped in science will not equally produce technologically for the reason that science and technology are alongside one another science offer with collection of data by way of scientific procedures and technology uses the data to obtain solutions to functional problems.

Various initiatives has been made by various government in Nigeria to produce science at any time right before unbiased a single of these is altered of the idea of Common science as a topic to be made available up to the College Certificate to these topics as biology, chemistry and physics. Later on growth put enrolment in secondary school at ratio 60:40 involving Science and Arts topics. Just one big energy aimed at the growth of science was the coming alongside one another of all science teachers in 1957 to inaugurate the Science Teachers’ Affiliation of Nigeria (STAN). The association is involved with the educating of science by way of inquiry and discovery method in which students appear to fully grasp and produce science principles by investigating and experimenting on their have (Abdullahi, 1982).

Complex faculties, Higher education of Arts, Science and Technology, Schools of education and learning Complex, Polytechnics and Universities of Technology were all established in the nation in a quest to produce science and technology. The system of education and learning was altered from the a single inherited from our colonial grasp to six-3-3-four system of education and learning. In accordance to Rufai (2007) the six-3-3-four plan is essential for the so a lot preferred technological breakthrough and the government has made her stand obvious by stating her determination to scientific and technological improvement of the country.  Equipment were brought from foreign countries to make sure that this system labored and teachers were despatched to abroad for additional scientific studies to enable them healthy in to the news system of education and learning.

 With all these initiatives made at producing science and technology and thinking of its value to achieving self reliance of a nation as stated by Adebayo (2001) that there is want for nations to produce scientifically and technologically for the reason that of the position it performs in achieving self reliance. There are even now lots of worries to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria that make her significantly driving other nations of the environment.

Up to date Challenges

Methods

For science and technology to be formulated to satisfy the environment standard as it is in the formulated nations these days there need to be ample means to teach science at all stage of education and learning. Ajileye (2006) opined that inadequate means for educating and discovering of science represent a big induce of students’ achievements. This inadequate useful resource consists of laboratories, science tools, and specimens employed as educating aids. Development of science and technology cannot be separated from the excellent of scholar a nation is developing from her schools.

Waziri (2002) observed that tens of millions of naira-really worth of tools bought for the growth of introductory technology is even now lying uninstalled due to lack of ideal workshops and laboratories. Nations that do not have laboratories, science tools and specimens to teach students will undoubtedly deliver very poor students in science and technology who are to develop into engineers and experts tomorrow. An significant useful resource in the growth of science and technology is competent trainer. Waziri (2002) stated the scarcity of competent teachers for vocational- technical education and learning programme induced mostly by very poor payment as in comparison to the a lot more desirable options in marketplace and commerce.

Complex faculties are not extended taken significant lots of of these faculties have been closed down for the reason that they lack students and determination by the government. These technical faculties are very significant for the training of talent craftsman and artisans that are very important to the technological growth of any nation.

Basis of Science

Basis is very significant in any job and that is why there is want for a good basis for seem science education and learning from key school by way of very good technique of educating and very well framework curriculum. Akinola (2006) was of the impression that students failed science for the reason that of teacher’s methodology and the structuring of the curriculum. Science educating is not taken significant in lots of of our key schools this can make a course trainer who is not a trained science trainer to be educating science. It is only in secondary school we have teachers specialised in topic spots but in key science teachers are ‘multipurpose’ which is very completely wrong. What do you hope from a trainer who is a graduate of social scientific studies educating science in key school? At his or her best would stop up in destroying the scientific ability of the pupils. The summary is that a negative scientific seed is planted and when it germinates we must not hope everything superior. In accordance to Oyedele (2007) science education and learning is the ‘seed ‘to be planted if technological growth is to be generated. He stated if Nigeria is to be amongst the sophisticated societies of the environment, equipped with contemporary technology of her have creating, she must get ready her citizens for upcoming roles of predicating them on good and seem science education and learning. Nigeria kids are very very good, smart and can compete with their counterpart in any element of the environment if they have very good trainer who teaches with very good procedures. In the impression of Oyedele (2007) the typical Nigerian youngster is able, smart and gifted in all spheres of daily life.

Quality of Education and learning

The excellent of Nigerian education and learning is very poor due to very poor leadership and corruption. Ogunwoye (2003) stated lack of trainer determination, recognition and reward lead to very poor excellent of education and learning. Nigeria government do not price education and learning and that replicate in their funds every single yr. They gave very small allocation to education and learning as in comparison to safety forgetting that education and learning is funds intense. They make inadequate fund accessible to acquire and maintained laboratories and workshop tools. Idris (2002) observed lack of resources to procure necessary spare pieces to retain the tools for technical education and learning. The difficulties of our government according to Adedibu (2001) in formulating seem objectives and best solutions to our problems have resulted in the mismanagement of means, completely wrong preparing and misplaced of developmental priorities this has badly afflicted our educational system in new a long time.

 

Societal mindset

Nigerian culture is a big obstacle to our growth of science and technology. An typical Nigerian do not have complete self-assurance in any improvement made by his or her fellow Nigerian in the subject of science and technology for the reason that according to Adedibu (2001) they have a lot regard for goods from other nations at the expenditure of locally generated goods and this is acquiring an adverse impact on our technological growth. Till we master to acknowledge and regard our indigenous energy in the subject of science and technology and regard our Nigeria made goods we may not make a lot growth in science and technology. Some Nigerian had made importance development in drugs particularly in combating HIV/AIDS but for the reason that they are Nigerians no one recognises their initiatives but negatively criticized.

Institutional rivalry

One more obstacle to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria is rivalry involving various establishments particularly involving university and polytechnics (Katende, 2007). In which these establishments intended to do the job alongside one another as partners in development to produce science and technology they are concentrating on which a single is top-quality in certification. In accordance to Mfon (2007) if the polytechnic, university, government and other stakeholders do the job alongside one another toward research objectives, our march to technological and scientific breakthrough will be at sight.

Technological transfer

About dependence on foreign aids in sort of technological transfer is one more obstacle. In accordance to Adedibu (2001) technological transfer is a approach of acquisition of technical training that can help a nation technical growth from other nations. The getting nation is envisioned to deal with, retain, replicate and make improvements to on this technology by way of research devoid of the help of the providing country. Nonetheless, Nigeria scenario is unique we have been tied to the apron of the providing country. There is nothing at all negative in technological transfer but the approach need to comprehensive by cease depending on the providing nation and this lead to our technological growth.

Instructional products

Shortage and inadequate use of educational product for educating and discovering of sciences in schools is a significant obstacle in most Nigerian schools. Kola (2007) stated the want for the use of educational aids in educating physics in Nigerian schools cannot be overemphasized. The teachers are in excess of dependent on foreign made or superior called ‘already made’ apparatus, vast majority do not have the ability to improvise for the profit of their students. In accordance to Daniel (2001), teachers want to be uncovered to the output and discovering products using accessible means particularly at this age of information and facts technology. The table underneath display educational product uses for educating and discovering physics in two local government secondary schools in a point out in Nigeria.

s/n

Instructional product

Share of employed (%)

Share not employed (%)

  

1

Audio tape

10

ninety

two

Laboratories

a hundred

3

Charts

a hundred

four

Projectors

a hundred

five

Printed products

70

30

six

Libraries

a hundred

7

Improvisations

eighty

twenty

8

Video clips

a hundred

nine

World-wide-web

10

ninety

10

11

pc

community means

twenty

eighty

I00

Resource: Kola (2007).

Conclusion

Science and technology is very significant to the progress of a country and consequently its growth need to be supplying a prominent position in the governance of any nation. It is evident from the above dialogue that science and technology has not been very well formulated due to worries that can be triumph over if we are establish to do so. Most of these worries are manmade worries that can be triumph over.

Tips

Because of the essential position of science and technology in the growth of a nation I will like to make the subsequent recommendation for its growth in Nigeria.

It is significant to start out the growth of science from the key school by way of the use of discovery technique of educating. This enable pupil appreciates science and also be innovative in their method to science somewhat than the common exercise of memorization. Most important school teachers who are not science trainer must not be allowed to teach science as against the existing technique the place course teachers are made to teach all topics in his or her course such as science. Science teachers need to be different from other topics as it is accomplished in secondary schools.

Science teachers need to be encouraged, enthusiastic and deliver for additional training in their subject of scientific studies often. Attendance of seminar, conferences and workshops need to sort element of science teacher’s advertising at all stages.

Complex faculties need to be resuscitated in all point out of the country and government must make plenty of resources accessible for the training of technical teachers both of those locally and abroad. Cash must also be offered for the purchase of technical equipments and building of contemporary technical workshop.

Professionalism need to be strictly adhere to in educating, it must not just be anyone that can go to classroom and teach, it need to be expert teachers. This is significant for the reason that of the technique of educating and suitable improvisation of science educational products.

Nigerian must have regard, price and patronise our locally made goods government must rely it as a felony offence for any one rejecting or disdain goods deliver in Nigeria.

Govt must improve our research establishments to lower country in excess of dependence on foreign aids and support to deal with, retain, and replicate technical training acquired from other nations somewhat than even now depending on them just after extended several years of gotten it.

Ultimately our government must make education and learning to be first in the nation’s funds as there is no nation that can grow above the stage of her education and learning.

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