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What Is Orthotics?

Orthotics is customized foot supports and could be in form of splints, inserts or shoe insoles. Not only that, they are being used to restore natural foot function. When it comes to children, this can be used as a way to treat biomechanical foot issues. Biomechanics is the study of our body’s movement when walking, playing sport or running. And two of the very common biomechanical foot issues are over or under pronation.

On the other hand, pronation is the typical movement of foot that is absorbing the impact when you are walking or running. Over pronation however is when the foot rolls or moves inward more than the normal 15 percent and could cause problems with your foot and ankle stabilizing body and inefficiently absorbing shock. In relation to under pronation, inward movement is less than normal 15 percent and therefore, the force of impact is focused on the outer side of the foot.

Orthotics can also be used as part of a treatment plan to be able to promote joint and muscle stability for those who were born with low muscle tone or those who are born prematurely. You can also have your orthotics either custom-made or ready-made. When selecting an orthotics for your child, you’ll have to look at the foot issue or underlying muscle that the child is suffering from.
The 9 Most Unanswered Questions about Orthotics

As for children who are under the age of 7, they normally have flat feet but it will naturally outgrow. There are experts saying that it is not in the best interest of the child to alter foot alignment if they’re younger than 7 years old if they only have a minor biomechanical disorder. If the child is for instance older than 7 years, the physician might use them in order to correct misalignments that are from over or under pronation. To be able to have the gait and feet of the child assessed, you may bring them to a podiatrist and they’ll recommend the best orthotics to be used.
A Quick Rundown of Treatments

It is important to use orthotics for children who are as young as 2 years old in some cases. A few situations where this will be useful include children with motor disorders such as developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy, issues with muscle tone and so forth. These children are going to benefit from the use of orthotics and in these situations, it is highly recommended if the orthotics is customized.

The podiatrist will do a biomechanical assessment of their feet and gait and the gathered info will help them make custom orthotics that’ll help the child with their special needs. It can help to properly align the child’s legs and feet throughout their growth and development.