Details Technology and the Enterprise Communities: A Case Examine of Small-scale Enterprise Enterprises in Nigeria

Introduction

Due to globalization of the financial system, crisis of info technology, development of the Internet and other conversation network, rising variety of enterprise transactions and improved level of competition, corporations are altering the way they communicate with new processes that sharpen enterprise effectiveness. The Internet is getting to be the foundation for new enterprise models, method and new means of awareness distribution (Laudon K.C and J.P. Laudon, 2000).

                Small-scale enterprises now use the Internet and networking technology to conduct additional of their do the job electronically, responsible linking factories, places of work and profits forces all-around the world (Dave C. 2000). This conversation evolution is governed by applied infrastructures with converged services and integrated application (Lucas H.C and B. Jack, 1994). The convergence of info technology is an critical pattern influencing both of those recent and foreseeable future marketplaces, business and technology (James, A.O, 2004). Businesses such as the retailers, banks and institution interviewed, are extending these networks to suppliers, buyers and other teams exterior the business to help them respond promptly to client requires and sector shifts.

Without doubt, info technology is bringing about variations in business that make firms even additional dependent than in the past when it depends exclusively on the awareness, discovering and determination generating of unique staff members. Moreover, client service, procedure, products and solutions and marketing methods, and distribution are closely dependent on info technology (Brain K and C. Stacey, 2001).

This exploration do the job examines the affect of info technology on the economics of compact-scale enterprise enterprises. This is to verify the level at which info technology has reworked enterprise processes for unique and purposes successful enterprise administration, criminal offense rate reduction, work development and improved stability of info techniques. This will assist make available the correct variety of info at the correct time area for ideal utilization of available assets to enrich the good quality of everyday living in the human modern society.

Content and Method: In the review, a statistical tactic was adopted. Responses from the several enterprise/establishments retailers, factories, eatery, marketplaces, banks, fuel station, bakery, universities, cyber cafe, medical center, poultry, boutique, salon, cellphone contact centers, guest properties and activity centers by way of the questionnaire in some picked towns in Nigeria for over 11 months in 2008 had been technically examined and conclusion drawn in line with the hypothesis formulated.

Theoretical Qualifications

The self-discipline of info idea came into concentrate with Claude E. Shannon’s classical paper, “A mathematical idea of conversation” in 1948. This idea promotions with the sum of info and does not cope with the that means of info. Equally, the idea failed to supply needed assist in the style of an info program. As a consequence, the first interest on info idea declined. However, the self-discipline starts off to obtain widespread acceptance only in the previous several several years. This is attributed to the reality that info technology now supplies the support needed to develop an info program that serves very best for some unique and application (David M.K, 1992).

                Details technology, as defined by the Details Technology Affiliation of The usa (ITAA), is the review, style, improvement, implementation, support or administration of computer dependent info techniques, specifically software package purposes and computer components. Basically, info technology promotions with the use of electronic personal computers and computer software package to change, keep, shield, method, transmit and securely retrieve info. Illustrations of info technology involve individual electronic assistant, individual personal computers, telephones, televisions and many others (Brain K.C and C.S. Stacey, 2001).

                Now, the terms info technology has ballooned to encompass several aspects of computing and technology, and the time period is additional recognizable than at any time just before. The conclusion objective is to make the effective and successful use of info to take care of uncertainly and enrich productivity at every level unique, modern society and governing administration (Charlse W.L.H, 2001). On this theoretical background is the hypothesis formulated.

                Speculation: Two sorts of hypothesis had been formulated in this review Null hypothesis (Ho) and Alternatively hypothesis (H1).

Null Speculation: Details Technology does not have good affect on compact-scale enterprise company.

Alternatively hypothesis: Details technology has good affect on compact-scale enterprise enterprises.

Final decision Rule: When the observed chi-square (X2) is bigger than the critical chi-square (X2) from tables of chi-square, Hello is recognized and Ho is rejected and vice versa. This determination is related to (Salami A and A.O. Usman, 2008).

Facts Evaluation and Interpretation of Final results

The data from this exploration had been analyzed and benefits interpreted in line with the exploration inquiries

Study Concern one: Does the Introduction of Details Technology have affect on compact-scale enterprise enterprises?

Table one: Effect of Details Technology on Enterprise Advancement and Income Flow

S/N

Objects

Strongly

Concur

Concur

Disagree

Strongly

Disagree

Row

Overall

one.

Details technology has improved the standard of compact-scale enterprise company

120

(73)

92

(72)

28

(48)

16

(62)

256

two.

Every single device of a enterprise has benefited from Details Technological know-how

70

(fifty five)

80

(fifty three)

17

(36)

23

(46)

one hundred ninety

3.

Details Technology is of no good Effect to compact-scale enterprise enterprises

12

(80)

fifteen

(79)

103

(fifty three)

one hundred fifty

(68)

280

4.

Details Technology has attracted additional buyers to all enterprise enterprises

65

(forty two)

sixty seven

(41)

10

(28)

five

(36)

147

five.

Details Technology is meant for greater scale enterprise enterprises and not for compact-scale enterprise enterprises.

20

(36)

27

(36)

30

(24)

50

(31)

127

Column Overall

287

281

188

244

a thousand

*Observed X2 = 463.3, critical X2 = 21.026, µ =.05, df =12.

From Table one, the envisioned frequencies in brackets are calculated making use of the components (Egbule J.F and D.O. Okobia, 2007).

               

E  =  Row total x column total ————————– (one)

                     Grand Overall

The place, E = envisioned Frequency and Grand Overall = a thousand

ROW I

For observed frequency = 126, making use of equation (one)

For observed frequency = 92,

For observed frequency  = 28,

For observed frequency = 16,

ROW II

For observed frequency = 70,

For observed frequency  = 80,

For observed frequency = 17,

For observed frequency = 23,

ROW III

For observed frequency = 12,

For observed frequency = fifteen,

For observed frequency = 103,

For observed frequency = one hundred fifty,

ROW IV

For observed frequency = 65,

For observed frequency = sixty seven,

For observed frequency = 10,

For observed frequency = five,

ROW V

For observed frequency = 20,

For observed frequency = 27,

For observed frequency = 30,

For observed frequency = 50,

Applying the chi-square (X2) statistic as presented in (Omorogiuwa, 2006)

……………………………..(two)

The place, O = observed frequency and

                 E = envisioned frequency

By substituting into equation (two) higher than

The diploma of independence is offered by

df = (r-one) (c –1) …………………………….(3)

The place,                   r = Amount of Rows and

                                 c = Amount of Columns

From table one, r = five, and c = 4. df = (five-one) (4-one) = 12

Significant value of chi-square X2 = 21.026 (from tables) at a tests value µ = .05

These benefits shows that the observed chi-square X2=463.two (from calculation), is bigger than the critical value of chi-square X2=21.026 (from tables), at a tests value of µ =.05 and diploma of independence df = 12. This suggests a important connection and it indicates that info technology has a good affect on enterprise development and usually increases money stream.

Study Concern two: Does the introduction of Details Technology in compact-scale

         enterprise enterprises supply additional work prospects for  

                                      unemployed Nigerians?

Table two: Occupation prospects making use of Details Technological know-how

S/N

Objects

Strongly

Concur

Concur

Disagree

Strongly

Disagree

Row

Overall

one.

Details technology has presented a resource of money to several younger school leavers

201

(149)

152

(119)

35

(78)

29

(seventy seven)

417

two.

Details Technology supply vacations work for several college students

116

(107)

one zero one

(86)

39

(52)

44

(fifty six)

300

3.

Drastic Reduction of mass unemployment considering the fact that the application of Details technology in enterprise.

forty

(one zero one)

33

(81)

98

(49)

112

(52)

283

Column Overall

357

286

172

185

a thousand

*Observed chi-square X2 = 273.6, critical X2=12.592, df = 6, µ = .05.

 

                The benefits of table two, display that Null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected and alternatively hypothesis (Hello) is recognized. The observed value of chi-square X2 equivalent 273.6 (from calculation not demonstrated for ease), is bigger than the critical value of chi-square X2 = 12.592 (from tables), at a diploma of independence df = 6, making use of a tests value µ= .05. This suggests a important connection implying that the introduction of info technology in enterprise supplies additional work vacancies for unemployed Nigerians.

Study Concern 3: Of what relative affect is the introduction of Details

  Technology in successful enterprise administration?

Table 3: Details Technology in successful enterprise administration

S/N

Objects

Strongly

Concur

Concur

Disagree

Strongly

Disagree

Row

Overall

one.

Details technology enrich suitable setting up and execution of enterprise methods

102

(ninety)

96

(92)

17

(28)

30

(35)

245

two.

Details technology aids to boost on the expertise of enterprise-males

ninety

(seventy one)

ninety

(72)

6

(22)

7

(28)

193

3.

Enterprise-males are now additional time mindful with the advent of info technological innovation

78

(74)

87

(seventy five)

fifteen

(23)

21

(29)

201

4.

Details Technology discourages unwarranted journey.

ninety seven

(132)

102

(135)

76

(41)

86

(52)

361

Column Overall

367

375

114

a hundred and forty four

a thousand

*Observed chi-square X2 = 120.4, critical X2 = 16.919, df = 9, µ = .05

                The benefits display that the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected though the alternatively hypothesis (H1) is recognized. The observed chi-square X2 = 120.4 is bigger than the critical value of chi-square X2 = 16.919 [from tables], at a diploma of independence df = 9, making use of a tests value of µ = .05. This suggests a important connection, which indicates that the introduction of info technology aids in successful enterprise administration.

Study Concern 4: Has the introduction of info technology reduced the rate of

 Fraudulent functions in enterprise?

Table 4: Details technology to combat enterprise fraud

S/N

Objects

Strongly

Concur

Concur

Disagree

Strongly

Disagree

Row

Overall

one.

Details technology is a weapon for combating fraudulent functions in enterprise

76

(fifty eight)

ninety

(54)

18

(forty two)

twenty five

(fifty five)

209

two.

Details technology encourages dishonesty in enterprise

39

(78)

45

(72)

17

(fifty seven)

112

(seventy five)

283

3.

Only the rich can properly make use of info technology to combat criminal offense

twenty five

(sixty six)

32

(sixty one)

86

(49)

ninety seven

(64)

240

4.

The use of info technology assist in reporting fraudsters to regulation enforcement agencies

136

(74)

89

(69)

12

(54)

31

(seventy one)

268

Column Overall

276

256

203

265

a thousand

*Observed chi-square X2 = 320.five, critical chi-square X2 =16.919. df = 9 µ = .05

The benefits display that alternatively hypothesis (H1) is recognized and the Null hypothesis is rejected. The observed chi-square (x2=320.five) is bigger than the critical value of chi-square (x2 = 16.919 from tables) at a diploma of independence df = 16 making use of µ = .05. This suggests a important connection, which indicates that info technology has reduced the rate of fraudulent functions in enterprise.

Dialogue

The conclusions of this review supply useful responses to the exploration inquiries. On the affect of info technology assets on enterprise development, typical money stream and work development, benefits of the review display that a majority of compact-scale enterprises have immensely benefited in these areas. It was noticeable that some of the respondents have interaction in retailing of GSM materials and other info technology assets, alongside their items and services. This invariably, contributes to enterprise development, typical stream of money and provision of work for the unemployed.

                On the affect of info technology on enterprise and successful time administration, some respondents usually agreed as witnessed in Tables one to 4 making use of the option hypothesis technique that it was good. However, it was found out that inspite of the use of info technology for enterprise promotions, most enterprise males still absence effectiveness in service delivery. This may well be attributed to bad enterprise expertise or insufficient background. It is thus not stunning that good variations in enterprise administration are still not achieved. However, it could be hoped that modern-day info technology will assist to sharpen the sense of enterprise and time administration expertise.

Summary and Recommendation

In conclusion, info technology has improved compact-scale enterprise enterprises in Nigeria. In get to consolidate on the current level of achievement of info technology in enterprise, much additional advancement will have to be welcomed. These involve advancement in the level of info technology services rendered to enterprise enterprises, vast protection (in particular in the rural areas), reduction in tariff and superior connectivity.

In line with the exploration conclusions, it is suggested that info technology service suppliers must intensify hard work to make optimum use of the substantial penetration by enterprise enterprises. This invariably, will assist to enlighten the populace on the benefits hooked up to the purposes of info technology.

                The tariff of all the service suppliers is way too substantial. Therefore, this minimizes the variety of buyers that go online for Internet marketing. In get to reverse this pattern, it is suggested that the charge deducted by the service suppliers must be reduced to motivate additional compact-scale enterprise enterprises in Nigeria.

References

Brain K. W and Stacey C. S (2001): Employing Details Technology: A simple Introduction to personal computers and communications, 4th Edition, Mc Graw-Hill Businesses Inc, New York, Usa. Pp 78-94.

Charlse W.L.H (2001): World wide Enterprise, 2nd Edition McGraw Hill Businesses, New York. Pp one hundred-132

Dave C etal, (2000): Internet Promoting tactic, Implementation and apply, pearson Training Constrained, England.

David M. K (1992) Management Details Programs, 2nd Edition, Mc Mature Hill corporations inc, Usa.

Egbule J.F and Okobia D.O (2007): Study methods in Training for Faculties and Universities, Kmensuo Academic Publishers, Agbor. Chapter 3.

James A. O.B (2004): Management Details Programs: Handling Details technology in the Enterprise enterprises, sixth Edition, McGraw Hill Businesses Inc, New York Usa. Chapter five & 6.

Laudon K.C and. Laudon J.P (2000): Management Details Programs: Organization and Technology in the Networked enterprises, sixth Edition Prentice – Hall, Inc, Usa.

Lucas H. C and Jack B (1994): “The role of Details Technology in business style”. Journal of administration info techniques 10. No. 4. pp fifty six-89.

Omorogiuwa O.K. (2006): Study and Utilized data for the behavioural sciences: An introduction. Mindex Publishing Organization Constrained Benin Metropolis. Pp 43-48

Salami A.O. and Usman O.A. (2008): The socio-economic impacts of global program for cell conversation (GSM) a college college students, Journal of Financial Theory two (two): sixty three – 70.